Photo by Tranmautritam from Pexels
Photo by Tranmautritam from Pexels

Pets can bring happiness to you and your family. Various studies have shown that having a pet can provide emotional support, reduce stress, and increase relaxation for their owners.

On the other hand, various diseases also lurk you and your family if you do not maintain pet hygiene and health. What are some diseases that can arise if you neglect to maintain cleanliness and pet health? Here are a few:

Toxoplasmosis

This disease is caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, and can infect humans and animals through soil, water, meat, and contact with infected cat feces. Often, the source of transmission is cats. However, infected cats rarely look sick.

In humans, this infection is generally asymptomatic. On the other hand, infecting pregnant women and people with decreased immunity can cause serious health problems, such as birth defects for the fetus.

Wormy

Different types of worms can live in your pet’s digestive tract, such as dogs and cats. For example hookworm, Toxocara, and tapeworm.

Generally, worm eggs will come out through infected animal feces. Contact with worm eggs, for example when cleaning animal feces or playing in dirt contaminated soil, can spread infections to humans.

In animals, symptoms of intestinal worms can be stunted growth, bloody bowel movements, looking thin, and mild diarrhea. If infected, humans can show symptoms ranging from asymptomatic to skin irritation, fever, coughing, to enlarged lymph nodes. Children are generally more susceptible to this infection.

Leptospirosis

This disease is often spread through small mammals, such as hamsters and guinea pigs. This condition is caused by Leptospira bacteria, and can infect humans through contact with the urine of infected animals. In people, leptospirosis can cause symptoms of headaches, chills, and muscle aches.

Campylobacteriosis

This condition is caused by the Campylobacter spp bacteria that spread through water, contaminated food (especially eggs and meat), and contact with infected animal feces. Pets that can spread campylobacteriosis include dogs, cats, hamsters and birds.

In animals, there may be no symptoms of the disease, or only mild diarrhea. In humans, symptoms of fever, diarrhea, pain, and stomach cramps can occur.

Cryptococcosis

This disease is caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, which can be found in the feces of infected birds, especially pigeons. Generally, infected birds have no symptoms.

In humans, symptoms that appear can resemble pneumonia, namely shortness of breath, coughing, and fever. Serious complications, such as meningitis, can occur in infections in children, the elderly, as well as those with decreased immunity.

However, don’t worry about raising animals. Disease in animals can be prevented as long as you keep your pet clean. Also make sure they get vaccines according to their schedule, and take them to the vet regularly for regular check-ups.

You also need to protect yourself from diseases caused by these pets. The trick, wash your hands after contact with pets, animal dwelling areas, and animal feces. Use antibacterial soap to help kill germs found in pets.

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