The rainy season is always synonymous with outbreaks of disease. One of them is diarrhea, which can greatly disrupt a person’s activities. Diarrhea will cause many complaints, ranging from frequent to the bathroom to the discomfort in the stomach. How to prevent diarrhea during this wet period?
Diarrhea and rain
No doubt, rain does increase the spread of germs. A study conducted at The Massachusetts Institute of Technology says that when rainwater hits the ground, bacteria in the ground evaporate, form aerosols and spread into the air. This makes the bacteria spread to the local area quickly.
In addition to wind, one that determines the amount of bacteria that is spread is temperature. The temperature difference will determine the amount of aerosol produced. Aerosols are most produced in rain that falls on tropical soils, such as Indonesia.
The same research also mentions the total bacteria spread by this mechanism can reach 10,000 to 800,000 trillion bacterial cells per year. After the germs spread in the air, they will contaminate water, food, and a person’s hands. Although classified as a disease that often occurs, the handling of diarrhea should not be underestimated and must be done properly.
How to prevent diarrhea
The most appropriate way to prevent diarrhea is to wash your hands. Washing hands can reduce the risk of infection that is transmitted through the hands. How do you wash your hands properly?
- Start by wetting your hands using running water, then take soap and rub your palms together
- Wipe your palm over the back of your left hand, and vice versa
- Rub the palm with the palm and fingers intertwined
- Place the backs of fingers on the other palm with fingers interlocking
- The right thumb is rubbed around by the left palm, and vice versa
- The left finger closes, rubs rotate right and left on the right palm, and vice versa
- Finish with wet hands again and dry
The ideal duration for washing hands is about 20 seconds. Washing hands should be done not only before and after eating, but also before, during, and after preparing food, before and after keeping people sick, after using the toilet, after sneezing, after playing with pets, and after changing baby diapers.
Handle diarrhea appropriately
Diarrhea causes gastrointestinal complaints such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and liquid bowel movements. Common symptoms of fever, headache, joint pain, and loss of appetite can also occur.
To deal with gastrointestinal symptoms, you can do the following:
Fluid is very important to prevent dehydration when diarrhea. Try to drink enough water during diarrhea. See the color of urine when urinating; if the color is clear, it is a sign that you have enough water so that the risk of dehydration is getting smaller.
In contrast to adults, in children there are special provisions to replace fluids lost due to diarrhea. Consult this matter further with your pediatrician.
Choose the right food
When you experience diarrhea, you should avoid foods that are high in fat and fiber. Choose the type of food that is easy to digest and soft.
The use of drugs in diarrhea aims to reduce the frequency of diarrhea. Be careful not to use antibiotics before being examined by a doctor.
You may only take antibiotics if it is recommended by a doctor. Usually antibiotics are the choice of diarrhea that leads to bacterial infections, such as slimy and bleeding diarrhea.
To deal with common complaints due to diarrhea, you can use medication according to symptoms. For example if you have a fever, you can take paracetamol.
The rainy season can cause various diseases, one of which is diarrhea. Prevent by washing hands regularly and correctly. If there is no access to water, you can use a hand sanitizer to kill germs on your hands.